are in Italics
Fish & Wildlife Mgmt.
Model Design & Building
Pulp and Paper
Reptile & Amphibian Study
Small Boat Sailing
Soil & Water
- Explain the need for bird study and why birds are useful indicators of the quality of
- Show that you are familiar with the terms used to describe birds by sketching or tracing
a perched bird and then labeling 15 different parts of the bird. Sketch or trace an
extended wing and label types of wing feathers.
- Demonstrate that you know how to properly use and care for binoculars.
- Explain what the specification numbers on the binoculars mean.
- Show how to adjust the eyepiece and how to focus for proper viewing.
- Show how to properly care for and clean the lenses.
- Demonstrate that you know how to use a bird field guide. Show your counselor that you
are able to understand a range map by locating in the book and pointing out the wintering
range, the breeding range, and/or the year-round range of one species of each of the
following types of birds:
- Warbler or vireo
- Heron or egret
- Nonnative bird (introduced to North America from a foreign country since 1800)
- Observe and be able to identify at least 20 species of wild birds. Prepare a field
notebook, making a separate entry for each species, and record the following information
from your field observations and other references.
- Note the date and time.
- Note the location and habitat.
- Describe the bird's main feeding habitat and list two types of food that the bird is
likely to eat.
- Note whether the bird is a migrant or a summer, winter, or year-round resident of your
- Be able to identify five of the 20 species in your field notebook by song or call alone.
For each of these five species enter a description of the song or call, and note the
behavior of the bird making the sound. Note why you think the bird was making the call or
song that you heard.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Go on a field trip with a local club or with others who are knowledgeable about birds in
- Keep a list or fill out a checklist of all the birds your group observed during the
- Tell your counselor which birds your group saw and why some species were common and some
were present in small numbers.
- Tell your counselor what makes the area you visited good for finding birds.
- By using a public library or contacting the National Audubon Society, find the name and
location of the Christmas Bird Count nearest your home and obtain the results of a recent
- Explain what kinds of information are collected during the annual event.
- Tell your counselor which species are most common, and explain why these birds are
- Tell your counselor which species are uncommon, and explain why these were present in
small numbers. If the number of birds of these species is decreasing, explain why, and
what, if anything, could be done to reverse their decline.
- Do ONE of the following. For the option you choose, describe what birds you hope to
attract, and why.
- Build a bird feeder and put it in an appropriate place in your yard or another location.
- Build a birdbath and put it in an appropriate place.
- Build a backyard sanctuary for birds by planting trees and shrubs for food and cover.